Autism Spectrum Disorder

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Autism Spectrum Disorder

Autism Spectrum Disorder

What is Autism Spectrum Disorder

Autism Spectrum Disorder, or simply ASD, is a disability that is caused by the difference in the brain. It begins before the age of three. In some children, symptoms of autism can appear in just 12 months, but it can also take 24 months for others. People with this disorder have to face problems regarding social communication and interaction. These people have different ways of learning new things and paying attention. In some cases, autism can be severe, and such a person may have to face difficulties in living. However, a person with mild autism symptoms can spend a relatively normal life.

Causes of Autism Spectrum Disorder

There can be a variety of causes behind people with an autism spectrum disorder. The most common reason is genetics. Those people who already have a child with this disorder have an increased risk of having a child with such issues.Babies who spent a lot of screen time have a higher risk of developing this disorder. Some environmental factors may also cause autism. Researchers are trying to figure out whether viral infections, medications, etc, can cause autism or not. It is noticed that diabetes, immune system disorders, air pollution, etc, increase the risk of autism spectrum disorder.

Treatments for Autism Spectrum Disorder

Several treatments for autism spectrum disorder are available for patients according to their requirements. One of them is behavioral management therapy. In this therapy, children with autism learn to promote some specific behaviors and leave some undesired ones. Cognitive behavior therapy is a treatment that aims to change thinking patterns. Early intervention is specialized support for children with disabilities including autism and developmental delay. Education or school-based therapy helps to treat children with autism in a classroom setting. A list of other therapies is also available to help children with an autism spectrum disorder.
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